The Federal Reserve has embraced the potential of digital currencies in a new white paper outlining plans to improve the US payments landscape.
Although the euphemism “digital transfer vehicle” is used instead of Bitcoin, this marks a major shift in attitude from the organisation’s 2013 report, where it dismissed cryptocurrencies for not being a “sufficiently mature technology” to play a role in mainstream American finance.
The Fed report looks particularly favourably on the broad accessibility of digital currencies, their ability to facilitate low cost transfers within and across national borders, and the potential to nurture payment technology innovation.
However, Bitcoin’s independent nature is clearly still believed to be a threat to government agencies. Difficulties in tracking and monitoring payment behaviours are felt to interfere with surveillance, counterterrorism efforts and criminal investigations – aspects that US agencies are unlikely to compromise on.
More cynical commentators have suggested that the kind of changes that Bitcoin would have to undergo to make it palatable to mainstream finance organisations would contradict the essential nature of the project. Cryptocurrencies, they say, emerged as an effort to cut ties with fiat currency structures and demonstrate a democratic means of creating and moving money. If Bitcoin is a revolution, goes the rhetoric, the old guard should accept that they can’t be part of it.
“During the industrial revolution thousands of skilled blue collar labourers were replaced by machines that increased production beyond imagination. Why should the digital revolution be any different?” wrote Alex Gorale in Cryptocoins News.
“Software protocols can replace skilled white collar workers. Bitcoin makes obsolete a closed-door finance industry that works against the consumer. Trying to assimilate some of Bitcoin’s benefits with the Fed is like scrubbing a stain with a filthy rag.”
The emphasis to overhaul corporate and consumer payment technologies in the US goes hand in hand with plans to the change the government’s own payment systems. The General Services Administration announced plans this month to modernise remittance and procurement technologies in government agencies to improve monitoring and transparency.
Fresh from its $4.5bn IPO, Nordic payments processor Nets has picked Spire as its partner to help with the physical roll out of mobile payments for Dankort customers.
Square has introduced a new update to its contactless and chip readers that reduces transaction speed to 4.2 seconds.
It seems laptops are about to catch the biometric fever as PayPal, Intel, Lenovo and Synaptics are collaborating to introduce FIDO-enabled embedded fingerprint solution to PCs.
Mastercard is working with Stripe to expedite the payment process for American sellers on the latter's marketplaces using the instant payouts feature from Stripe.